17 December 2018
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MainRussian tradition Christmas in Russia

Christmas in Russia



      The most popular and all over the Russia celebrated are Russian New Year holiday and Russian Christmas. This two winter holidays are close to each other. New Year holiday is a celebration of New Year beginning in Russia. Russian people start celebrate New Year holiday in the “Old year” on 31 of December and continue celebration in “New Year” on 01 January . Often winter vacation in Russia last from 01 till 07 January. Christmas in Russia  is celebrated at 07 January. We can say that winter holiday starts in “New Year” holiday and finish after “Christmas” holiday.  
NEW YEAR holiday:
      Every year in 31st  of December people of all the Russia but not only Russians prepare to welcome New Year in their life. Russian women cook tradition dishes, serve dinner with many delicious meal and drinks. Champagne is necessarily for this celebration. People greet the New Year with champagne while listening to the Kremlin chimes beating 12 o'clock.
     Russian New Year holiday tradition includes a decorated New Year's Tree called “elka”. Elka should be decorated by special small toys. Not only children but adults also like this procedure of decorating New Year’s tree trying to make it more beautiful.
Under this New Year tree people find their New Year’s presents when New Year comes. Even growing up we like to find our presents under the Tree. Children like it the most. They always wait for this miracle. Children believe that Ded Moroz and Snegurochka came to their house and left it for them. Ded Moroz and Snegurochka are two old and very famous characters. They represent Russian tradition of New Year. Ded Moroz is a Grandfather-Frost, Snegurochka is his grand doughter. Every year in the midnight on 31st of December they travel all over the Russia leaving presents for children.
Russian CHRISTMAS holiday:
     Christmas in Russia is annually celebrated on January 7thToday, Christmas is celebrated in the country in a grand fashion, with the faithful participating in an all-night Mass in Cathedrals.  Thirteen days after Western Christmas, on January 7th, the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates its Christmas, in accordance with the old Julian calendar.
      On the Eve of Christmas, it is traditional for all family members to gather and share a special meal. The various foods and customs surrounding this meal differed in Holy Russia from village to village and from family to family.
     An old Russian tradition, whose roots are in the Orthodox faith, is the Christmas Eve fast and meal. The fast, typically, lasts until after the evening worship service or until the first star appears. The dinner that follows is very much a celebration, although, meat is not permitted. Kutya (kutia), a type of porridge, is the primary dish. It is very symbolic with its ingredients being various grains for hope and honey and poppy seed for happiness and peace.
    Once the first star has appeared in the sky, the festivities begin. Although all of the food served is strictly Lenten, it is served in an unusually festive and anticipatory manner and style. The Russians call this meal: "The Holy Supper." The family gathers around the table to honor the coming Christ Child. A white table-cloth, symbolic of Christ's swaddling clothes, covers the Table. Hay is brought forth as a reminder of the poverty of the Cave where Jesus was born. A tall white candle is place in the center of the Table, symbolic of Christ "the Light of the World." A large round loaf of Lenten bread, "pagach," symbolic of Christ the Bread of Life, is placed next to the Candle.



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